2013, Number 3
Salud Mental 2013; 36 (3)
Análisis de fuentes del EEG en pacientes tratados con estimulación magnética transcraneal a 5 Hz como tratamiento antidepresivo
González-Olvera JJ, Ricardo-Garcell J, García-Anaya ML, Miranda-Terrés E, Reyes-Zamorano E, Armas-Castañeda G
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ABSTRACTTranscranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a technique that allows noninvasive electrical stimulation of the cortex with few side effects. An antidepressant effect has been proposed when rTMS is delivered over prefrontal dorsolateral cortex (DLPFC) ≥5Hz. Quantitative EEG studies have shown increases in alpha and theta power bands as well as frontal interhemispheric asymmetries in most recordings from depressed patients. rTMS over left DLPFC at 5Hz involve a safer and more tolerable procedure, and its neurophysiological correlates has not been explored using EEG source analysis. The aim of this research was to study changes in EEG sources using VARTERA method in a group of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) treated with 5Hz rTMS over left DLPFC as single or combined treatment with escitalopram.
Methods: 18 patients with DSM-IV MDD diagnosis without treatment for the current episode were included. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: A) rTMS+escitalopram 10mg, n=9; B) rTMS+placebo, n=9. Subjects received 15 sessions of rTMS on a daily basis. In order to compare changes in EEG sources two recordings were obtained, prior and after treatment. HDRS, BDI and HARD were used for clinical assessments.
Results: All patients of group A and eight patients of group B showed response to treatment (considered as a reduction of 50% in HDRS score). An increase in absolute power at 9.37Hz and 10.17Hz in temporal and postcentral gyrus on the left hemisphere was found in group B. Absolute power in those frequencies was decreased in the same regions for group A. In addition, an increased power in beta band frequencies was observed in both hemispheres for group A.
Conclusion: Increases in alpha band could be the hallmark of the 5Hz rTMS, but it could be reduced by escitalopram. Besides, increases observed in beta band for group A could be related to escitalopram effect.