2013, Number 3
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ABSTRACTBackground: mycoplasmas constitute one of the bacterial agents involved in the urogenital infections. Among the species of medical relevance can be mentioned Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Mycoplasma hominis.
Objective: to determine the frequency of appearance of mycoplasmas in women with urogenital infections, the association with other biological agents, and the antimicrobial resistance to powerful drugs.
Method: the study was conducted at the Microbiology Laboratory of the Provincial Center of Hygiene, Epidemiology, and Microbiology of Camagüey. The universe was composed of 655 patients and the sample included 135. The diagnostic kit of micoplasma from the Italian laboratories Lio FILCHEM was used. Results: 135 isolations of micoplasma were identified. The most frequent species were Ureaplasma urealyticum, Micoplasma hominis, and the complex of Micoplasma hominis + Ureaplasma urealyticum. The 55.5 % percent of the species were associated to Chlamydia, Gardnerella vaginalis, Trichomonas vaginalis and yeasts. There was an emergence of strains resistant to ofloxacin, erythromycin, clarithromycin and others in a greater or lesser degree.
Conclusions: the affectation of mycoplasma species in the studied women, the power of association of these bacteria with other genital pathogen, and the emergence of resistant strains to therapeutic antimicrobial, were confirmed.
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