2013, Number 3
PDF size: 351.98 Kb.
ABSTRACTBackground: polyglandular autoimmune syndrome type II is a clinical rarity; among all variants this syndrome is the most common. It is mainly characterized by the presence of autoimmune Addison´s disease combined with autoimmune thyroiditis and type I diabetes mellitus. This syndrome appears around the third and fourth decades of life. It is more frequent in women than in men, in a ratio of 3-4:1.
Objective: to present a clinical case of Schmidt-Carpenter syndrome.
Clinical Case: a thirty-five-year-old female patient who presented type I diabetes mellitus at the age of 20 and nine years later a Hashimoto´s thyroiditis. In the last five years the patient presented amenorrhea alternated with metrorrhagia and had three miscarriages. After her hospital admission, it was established alopecia and a symptomatic complex compatible with adrenal insufficiency. Clinical and analytical studies confirmed the presence of Shmidt-Carpenter syndrome associated with hypogonadism and alopecia.
Conclusions: this syndrome is a rare and severe disease that affects multiple endocrine glands caused by immune disorders with destruction of tissues. The diagnosis is clinical, confirmed by the establishment of hormonal levels and immunity tests. This syndrome should be differentiated from other immune, chromosomal, hematological, and digestive processes that affect other glands and organs. The therapeutics employed was effective. This disease is relevant to clinical specialties, particularly for internal medicine, endocrinology, immunology, and genetics.
Carpenter C, Solomon N, Silverberg SG, Bledsoe T, Northcutt RC, Klinenberg JR, et al. Schmidt’s syndrome (thyroid ans adrenal insufficiency): a review of the literature and a report of fifteen new cases including ten instances of co-existent diabetes mellitus. Medicine (Baltimore). 1964 Mar;43:153-80.