2013, Number 1
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: the use of breast milk is as old as humanity. For millennia it has been the only resource for infant feeding.
Objective: to determine the behavior of exclusive maternal breastfeeding in a group of family doctor's offices.
Methods: a transversal descriptive research was conducted on maternal breastfeeding behavior in the 170 children, of the 17 family doctor's offices belonging to the urban area of "Noelio Capote" Teaching Polyclinic of Jaruco municipality, Mayabeque Province, who were born between September 1st, 2004 and June 30th, 2006. The studied variables were age and maternal schooling level, early weaning and acute diarrhoeal diseases, weaning and acute respiratory infections.
Results: the totality of mothers discharged from maternity hospital with exclusive maternal breastfeeding, but only 40 % nursed until six months and more. Mothers who breastfed longer were workers, 20 to 29 years, with secondary school level.
Conclusions: the leading cause of early weaning was little or no lacteal secretion reported by mothers. Children with maternal breastfeeding up to six months and over presented less episodes of acute respiratory infections and acute diarrhoea. It is suggested to continue making efforts in promoting exclusive maternal breastfeeding.
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