2013, Number 4
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ABSTRACTBackground: there are 200 genotypes of human papillomaviruses, more than 40 of them have isolated in the lower genital tract. They are subclassified according to the oncogenic capacity in low-risk and high-risk. The clinical manifestation is condylomata acuminata that are generally caused by low-risk human papillomaviruses but constitute an important indicator of infection by high-risk viruses. Infection caused by this virus has been proved in the penis and anus squamous carcinoma.
Objective: to determine the relation between condylomata acuminata and penis cancer and anus cancer.
Methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was conducted. The universe was composed of all the patients with condylomata acuminata that assisted to the consultations of Dermatology and Urology of the Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital of Camagüey, from January 1st to December 31st, 2011. For the subclinical detection of condylomata acuminata, 5 % acetic acid was applied; urethral cytology was made to all the patients who presented lesions in the penis and anal cytology in those patients with lesions in the anus. Penis biopsy and ureteroscopy was made to the patients that presented urethral cytology with suspicions of neoplastic cells; anus biopsy and anoscopy was made to those patients whose anal cytology showed suspicions of neoplastic cells. The information obtained was processed through the statistical program SPSS-10. The method applied was the descriptive statistics of distribution of absolute and relative frequencies. The results of the study were showed in tables.
Conclusions: the greatest incidence of condylomata acuminata was found in patients who were from 15 to 19 years old. Association with subclinical forms was observed in more than the tenth part of them. Of the organ cytologies, the fifth part showed suspicions of the presence of neoplastic cells. None of the histopathological results was compatible with penis cancer or anus cancer. Ureteroscopy and anoscopy showed normal results.
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