2013, Number S1
Perinatol Reprod Hum 2013; 27 (S1)
Ávila-Rosas H, Aedo SÁ, Levin-Pick G, Bourges-Rodríguez H, Barquera S
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ABSTRACTWhile no solid, structured studies were found to support specific recommendations of water consumption, the main problem seems to be the excessive intake of sugary beverages. The recommended figure of 1-1.5 mL of water per kcal of energy intake is a reference value that must consider weather, physical activity, and dietary variations. At ages up to six months, all water must come from maternal milk, of which an intake of 100-190 mL/kg/day is recommended; at ages 6-12 months, 800-1,000 mL/day, considering milk and a gradual introduction of water. Children aged 2-3 years old must have 1,300 mL/day, and those aged 4-8 years old, 1,600 mL/day. Females aged 9-13 years old must consume 1,900 mL/day while the water intake of males must be 2,100 mL/day. For those aged 14 years old or more, adult recommendations apply.