2013, Number 4
Infantile colic: detection of educational needs for the care of newborns, through a survey of pregnant women
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Infantile colic is characterized by episodes of intense crying. It is present since the first weeks of life with a multifactorial etiology. Objective: To determine the degree of knowledge of pregnant women about infant colic, by using a survey and identify topics of this theme that should be emphasized in prenatal training courses. Material and methods: We performed an observational, cross-sectional survey in pregnant patients. We designed a survey to explore mother’s knowledge about causes of infantile colic, symptoms and signs, duration of colic, frequent presentation age and treatment. The maternal knowledge was classified as: adequate (9-12 hits), moderate (5-8 hits) and an idea about the subject (1-4 hits). Descriptive statistics were used, to compare groups we used χ2 test. Results: 124 surveys were applied. Of the pregnant women studied, 50% were nulliparous and 19 (15.3%) were in teenage. The sign that is most often associated with colic was the pained expression on the face of the babe. Of the 124 surveys, adequate knowledge was identified in 4 women (3.2%), moderate knowledge in 63 (50.8%) and 57 (46%) only have an idea about the subject. The group with less knowledge was the teenagers (p = 0.04). Conclusions: It is necessary give information to pregnant women, in the topic of infantile colic, and emphasize of the benefits of breast feeding.
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