2012, Number 11
MediSan 2012; 16 (11)
González MDC, Rodríguez VA, Bejerano GRJ, Guerra MI, Rodríguez FZ
PDF size: 460.04 Kb.
ABSTRACTIntroduction: Nodular thyroid disease is a worrisome endocrine problem due to its association with cancer.
Objectives: To characterize patients hospitalized with this condition according to clinical surgical and pathological aspects, as well as to determine the effectiveness of the Pap test by fine-needle aspiration biopsy for diagnosis.
Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective study was carried out in 154 patients with this disease, operated at the General Surgery Department of "Dr. Ambrosio Grillo Portuondo" Clinical Surgical Teaching Hospital in Santiago de Cuba during the period 2007-2010.
Results: There was a predominance of 30-59 year-old females. Rates of reliability for Pap test were: sensitivity (81.2%), specificity (97.9%) and diagnostic accuracy (93.9%). Among benign nodules was the follicular adenoma, and among malignant ones was the papillary carcinoma. Hemithyroidectomy was the most frequent operation; however, in all malignant nodules total thyroidectomy was performed. Dysphonia was the most commonly postoperative complication significantly associated with radical surgery.
Conclusions: Pap test by fine-needle aspiration biopsy allows a reliable diagnosis of nodular thyroid diseases. In the presence of thyroid cancer the trend should be radical surgery, although it is associated with many postoperative complications.