2013, Number S5
Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas 2013; 12 (S5)
Gbenou MY, Álvarez QF, Guerra CO
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: the jaw suffers frequently traumatic lesions and its fractures are some of the most common in the maxillofacial region.
Objective: it came true this study with the objective of describing the frequent of the mandibles fractures in the Maxillofacial Surgery's service at the University Hospital General Calixto García.
Material and methods: it came true a prospective study, descriptive. The sign was constituted for 50 patients, selected candidates of the total of patients with mandibles fractures that resorted to Maxillofacial Surgery's service. University Hospital General Calixto García. Period November 2010 - October 2011. The patients submitted to interrogation, clinical exam and imagenologic for theirs diagnosis. They appraised the variables age, sex, etiology, method of treatment and postoperative complications.
Results: the patients with ages understood among 18 to 27 years ( 34 % ) were the more affected; masculine gender ( 80 % ) and physical aggression constituted the principal etiological factor ( 34 % ) .It found that the surgical treatment was the more employee ( 58 % ) and the malocclusion proved to be the postoperative complication plus ordinary ( 57.1 % ).
Conclusions: the mandibles fractures show up fundamentally in men, in intermediates ages and caused for physical aggression. It used commonly the surgical treatment and the dental malocclusion was the postoperative complication more frequent.