2014, Number 2
Household risk factors associated to infestation of Triatoma dimidiata, the Chagas disease vector in Central Region of Veracruz, Mexico
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ABSTRACTObjective. To evaluate risk factors facilitating the colonization of dwellings by Triatoma dimidiata in the central region of the state of Veracruz. Materials and methods. We applied socioeconomic questionnaires and entomologic surveys in three localities (Chavarrillo, Soyacuautla and Arroyo Agrio) in central Veracruz involving 115 households. Results. We found that the main risk factors were the predominance of unplastered walls and particularly those made of light weight aggregate concrete blocks and wood. At Chavarrillo, houses usually have unplastered walls, whereas in Soyocuautla walls are commonly manufactured with wood. In Arroyo Agrio, the phenomenon was seasonal, and bugs were commonly found in the dry season, particularly in relatively new houses, less than 20 years old. Conclusions. These results help to improve the surveillance capacity for this vector and the control strategies to reduce the transmission of Chagas disease in the state of Veracruz and other sites where this species is present.
Ramsey JM, Ordóñez R, Tello-López A, Pohls JL, Sanchez V, Peterson AT. Actualidades sobre la epidemiología de la enfermedad de Chagas en México. In: Ramsey JM, Tello-López A, Pohls JL, eds. Iniciativa para la vigilancia y control de la enfermedad de Chagas en México. Cuernavaca: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, México, 2003:85-104.