2005, Number 2
Rev Cent Dermatol Pascua 2005; 14 (2)
Castro E, González G
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ABSTRACTOnchocerciasis is an infectious disease common in best and central Africa, Central and South America, and the Arabian Peninsula. Onchocerciasis is the second leading infectious cause of blindness world-wide. Onchocerca volvulus is a filarial nematode, the etiologic agent of onchocerciasis. Clinically, takes two forms: eye disease, and skin disease. Diagnosis is made through slitlamp examination, as well as by demonstration of filarial worms. Patients are treated with oral or intravenous ivermectin at a dose of 150 µg/kg once every 6 months for up to 10 years.