2014, Number 1
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ABSTRACTIn today's world, various societies have witnessed the increasing tendency to the so-called "crisis of social and humanistic paradigms" or "crisis of human values" over which many people are concerned. Much was said about this topic in several settings and with different participating audiences during the first five-year period of this century in Cuba. The questionings are varied: the crisis of moral values has reached all the age groups? What are the really consensual ethical values of the Cuban society in the 21st century? What are the anti-values that coexist with them? Based on a literature review although not exhaustive it was decided to perform a cross-sectional exploratory study with 5 population groups classified into age groups; they were applied a qualitative methodology by using focal group and projective techniques and anonymous provision of primary information. Consensus was understood as 75 % of participants or more agreed upon the considered topics. The virtues that were stated as the most admired ones were sincerity and generosity and the most intolerable defects were selfishness and lie whereas the most perceived values were solidarity and justice and the perceived anti-values were selfishness and double-standard. Consequently, a plan of action was submitted to strengthen social ethical values and to build professional ethical values in the students and the young professionals of the health sciences.
Güemes F, Echevarría L, Ramiro Y, Torres MA, Labrada M, O´Farril G. El sentido de la vida en los estudiantes de ciencias médicas y el trabajo educativo curricular en su formación de valores. (Resultados del proyecto de investigación). La Habana: Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Dr. Salvador Allende"; 2002.
Gómez Padrón Enrique Ivo, Morales Suárez Ileana. Fundamentos para la evaluación cualitativa de la formación de valores en carreras de la salud. Educ Med Super [revista en la Internet]. 2009 Sep [citado 2013 Mar 21] ; 23(3). Disponible en: http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0864-21412009000300007&lng=es.