2014, Number 3
Socioeconomic and demographic aspects related to stress and the burnout syndrome among Brazilian physiotherapists
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ABSTRACTBackground From the health problems affecting workers, 18% are related to the psychic system, such as stress and burnout syndrome.
Objective To identify the relationship between the socioeconomic and demographic aspects with stress and burnout syndrome in physiotherapists.
Method This is a cross-sectional study, with 1040 Brazilian physiotherapists, through a snowball and non-probabilistic sampling type. We have used a socioeconomic, demographic and professional questionnaire, the Work Stress Scale (WSS) and the adaptation of the Cuestionario para la Evaluación del Síndrome de Quemarse por el Trabajo (CESQT). The data were analyzed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results The greater representativeness was from the Northeast Region (48.7%), average age of 31 years, female gender (75.7%), weekly working time of 35.4 hours, with 3-5 years of professional practice. It was found that 37% had stress statistically related with age (p=0.008), physical activity (p=0.039) and satisfaction with health status (r=- 0.322; p‹0.001). There were no cases of burnout, but there was a high average in the dimensions psychic wear, indolence and guilt, totaling 49% with a tendency to develop the syndrome at stake.
Conclusions The variables age, physical activity and satisfaction with health status have demonstrated a relation to stress. For burnout, it should be emphasized the region of residence (Mid-west), satisfaction with health status, workplace (clinics and hospitals), in addition to the highest number of workplaces.
Yarker J, Donaldson-Feilder E, Flaxman P. Management competencies for preventing and reducing stress at work: Identifying and developing the management behaviours necessary to implement the HSE Management Standards. London: Health and Safety Executive Books; 2007. Recuperado em 12 de fevereiro de 2013 de http://www.hse.gov. uk/research/rrpdf/rr553.pdf