2014, Number S2
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2014; 52 (S2)
Musicas an adjuvant treatment for anxiety in pediatric oncologic patients
Sepúlveda-Vildósola AC, Herrera-Zaragoza OR, Jaramillo-Villanueva L, Anaya-Segura A
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Music has been used as adjuvant therapy for anxiety and
it is based on scientific principles. Tone, rhythm, harmony and time are
crucial for its efficacy. Chemotherapy treatment frequently produces
important stress in pediatric patients. This may delay treatment occasionally.
Our objective was to determine if adjuvant therapy with music
reduces anxiety in pediatric oncologic patients under ambulatory chemotherapy.
Time series design. We included patients from 8 to 16 years of
age who received ambulatory intravenous chemotherapy at the Hospital
de Pediatría, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI. They received treatment
as usual on the fi rst day, and music therapy during the second
day of chemotherapy. A visual scale was used to categorize the level of
anxiety prior and after treatment on both days.
We included 22 patients. All patients experienced both moderate
and high levels of anxiety prior to chemotherapy treatment on both
days. There was a statistically significant reduction of anxiety on both
groups after chemotherapy, but with lower levels of anxiety in the intervention
There is an additional benefit with the use of music therapy
in the reduction of anxiety in pediatric patients who receive ambulatory
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