2012, Number 2
Rev Cub de Med Fis y Rehab 2012; 4 (2)
Robles OJ, González RJL, Saborit OY, Machado ML, Jacas PD
PDF size: 231.59 Kb.
ABSTRACTObjetive: to describe the epidemiologic behavior of the traumatic spinal injury in the estado de Anzoátegui, Venezuela.
Methodos: a descriptive, transversal study in order to describe epidemiologic behavior of the traumatic spinal injury in 64 patients who attended at estado deAnzoátegui, physiotherapy department with a traumatic spinal injury diagnosis from september 2008 to september 2010.
Results: the main results were: The greater incidence was found in the 15-25 years old group with 24 patients (37.5 %). The prevailing was the male sex with 54 patients (84.4 %). The most common were the whole spinal injuries (51.5 %) with a greater occurrence of thoracic and lumbar neurologic levels (46.9 % and 26.6 % respectively). The most causes of injuries were shot gun wounds (50 %) and automobile accidents (26, 6 %). The more frequent complications were the skin injuries (43.7 %) and somatic damages (35.9 %). A significant positive correlation between the injury level the occurrence of pressure ulcers was established.
Conclusion: the traumatic spinal injuries are most common in the young male patients, the main cause is the shot gun wounds, the pressure ulcers prevail in the cervical spinal injury.