2014, Number 3
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: enteroviruses are among the main causal viruses of meningoencephalitis of mild evolution in the 95 % of children. Given the infrequency of the seriousness of these complaints, the cases of two infants complicated with echovirus 30 are presented. The patients were confined to the intensive care unit of the Eduardo Agramonte Piña Teaching Provincial Pediatric Hospital. The cases are presented with the objective of showing the capacity of these agents of producing severe damage in the central nervous system.
Clinical cases: the cases of two infants of 11 months and one year old are presented; both infants were brought about a remission of the Florida municipality, province of Camagüey. Both patients presented vomits, sleepiness, asthenia, and anorexia; because of that, they underwent a lumbar puncture the results of which were as follow: increase of the cells with lymphocytic predominance. One of the patients also presented serious disorders of perfusion, severe brain edema and the leucograma produced the presence of toxic granulations; the other patient started presenting irritability, ataxia, and uncoordinated movements of the arms 72 hours after being admitted and was diagnosed with cerebellitis with a reserved prognosis. The virology study of the feces of both patients was made in the Tropical Medicine Institute in Havana; the study produced the following result: echovirus 30. The patients had a hospital stay of 15 and 20 days respectively and were diagnosed with viral meningoencephalitis.
Conclusions: the cases presented show us the potential of enteroviruses like ECHO 30 of producing meningoencephalitis of serious and unpredictable evolution. Although the patients recovered without aftereffects, a maintained vigilance on enteroviruses in children is important to prevent infections in the central nervous system.
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