2014, Number 5
Gac Med Mex 2014; 150 (5)
Hepatitis B vaccination coverage and associated factor for vaccine acceptance: a cross-sectional study in health workers of the Acapulco General Hospital, Mexico
Flores-Sánchez L, Paredes-Solís S, Balanzar-Martínez A, Flores-Moreno M, Legorreta-Soberanis J, Andersson N
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ABSTRACTBackground: Vaccination is a key current prophylactic measure for occupational risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study measures HBV vaccination coverage among health personnel in a Mexican hospital, and identifies factors associated with completion of the vaccination schedule. Methods: A cross-sectional study in workers of the Acapulco General Hospital, Mexico. Interviews documented vaccination history against HBV, number of doses received, and date of vaccination. Health workers with complete vaccination were considered those with at least three doses of vaccine received at intervals of two months between first and second doses, and six months to a year in the third dose. Results: Some 52% of workers (436/834) reported at least one vaccination during their professional life and only 5.5% (46/834) completed the HBV vaccination schedule. Factors associated with completion were academic degree, perception of infection risk at work, and knowledge of vaccine efficacy and the need for a complete schedule. Conclusions: In line with hospitals in other studies, few hospital workers were fully vaccinated. Evidence from this study can inform efforts to increase HBV vaccination coverage. (Gac Med Mex. 2014;150:395-402)
Corresponding author: Sergio Paredes-Solís, email@example.com