2014, Number 3
Clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients younger than 15 years with arterial hypertension diagnosis
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ABSTRACTBackground: arterial hypertension is a multifactorial disease, with an increase of the incidence and prevalence in children in the last years for what it is considered a health problem. Objective: to describe the pediatric patient's clinical- epidemiological characteristics with arterial hypertension diagnosis. Methodology: a cross- sectional study was carried out where 70 patients with primary arterial hypertension treated in Jose Martí Cardiology Pediatric Hospital of Sancti Spíritus, from January to December 2009 were included. The variables used were: age, sex, skin color, nutritional valuation, heart frequency, family and personal history and type of arterial hypertension. Results: there was a predominance of male (81.2 %), also white (80%) and patients older than 10 years (78.5 %). 84.2 % of patients had a first-line hypertension family history. Heart rate was elevated in 75.7 % of patients; essential hypertension was diagnosed in 97.1 % of cases. Conclusions: male, white, obese patients older than 10 years predominated. Tachycardia and family history of hypertension were directly related to the study group. Primary arterial hypertension predominated.
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