2013, Number 1
Ann Hepatol 2013; 12 (1)
First successful treatment of post-liver transplant hepatitis C fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis with boceprevir, peginterferon and ribavirin in a pre-transplant null responder
Nahdi NA, Jo-Ann F, Greanya ED, Jo-Ann H, Tse I, Steinbrecher UP, Erb SR, Yoshida EM
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ABSTRACTFibrosing cholestatic hepatitis (FCH) is a less common but well-recognized severe complication of recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection post-liver transplant. This condition is fatal without successful treatment and to date; post-transplant antiviral interferon-based antiviral therapy has been associated with guarded success. The new era of protease inhibitors in the treatment of chronic HCV infection may alter the dismal outcome of this condition. To date, however, the experience with protease inhibitors in this condition is unreported. We report a post-liver transplant recipient with HCV associated FCH treated successfully with boceprevir, peginteferon and ribavirin for severe FCH. The patient was young woman who was a null responder pre-transplant to peginterferon and ribavirin. The peak serum bilirubin 391 µmol/L normalized to 15 µmol/L by week 8 of therapy. The pre-treatment HCV viral load of › 78 million IU/mL, decreased to 78 IU/mL at week 8 of therapy and was undetectable by week 12 and at the end of 48 week of treatment. 12 weeks post treatment, the HCV viral load remains undetectable. Significant anemia and neutropenia were encountered. Tacrolimus dosage titrated to trough levels, required marked reduction to 0.5 mg three times weekly. Despite the suboptimal peginterferon and ribavirin dosing, limited by adverse effects, full boceprevir dosing was maintained, with resolution of liver dysfunction. Boceprevir was obtained on compassionate grounds from the manufacturer before its licensure in Canada and this was the first use of boceprevir in the world for post-transplant FCH.