2015, Number 3
Medisur 2015; 13 (3)
Machado RA, Díaz LIR, de la Torre SME
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ABSTRACTKleine-Levin syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of hypersomnia, appetite disturbance, cognitive dysfunction and uninhibited behavior. It is estimated to affect one to five per million people and is four times more common in males. We present the case of an 18-year-old patient treated at the sleep disorders consultation in Villa Clara due to five episodes of hypersomnia lasting seven to ten days, separated by three or four months. During these periods he was irritable, apathetic and anorexic. When not suffering from hypersomnia, his behavior is normal. The patient meets the criteria of the 3rd International Classification of Sleep Disorders for the diagnosis of the Kleine-Levin syndrome. This case is presented given the rarity of this condition; the diagnosis was made 15 months after its onset and there are no previous references in Cuba.