2015, Number 1
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: low underweight when being born is the most important index to determine the possibilities of the newly born one to survive and to have a growth and normal development, one of the main current obstetric problems constitutes because it is related with more than 75 % of the perinatal morbimortality
Objective: determiner the incidence and the main factors of risk associated to the first floor weight in San Antonio of the Bathrooms.
Method: he/she was carried out a retrospective descriptive observational study in the newly born ones with underweight when being born of the municipality of San Antonio of the Bathrooms, county Artemisia Cuba, the period of January to December of the 2013.El universe was constituted by 564 newly born alive and the sample for 29 with underweight when being born, it was identified prenatal factors that could constitute possible causes of the first floor weight.
Results: the incidence of the first floor weight when being born in the year 2013 in San Antonio of the Bathrooms was of 5,9.El 58,62 % of the low pesos 37 of gestation they were born before the week. The most represented maternal age went from 20 to 34 years with 62, 06 %. The vaginal sepsis was present in 51, 80 % of the mothers with newly born under weight.
Conclusions: the prematurity was the most frequent cause of newly born under weight when being born, the extreme ages of the reproductive life didn't constitute cause of underweight when being born, the vaginal sepsis and the arterial hypertension are outstanding factors of risk in the mothers with children under weight.
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