2015, Number 1
Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr 2015; 31 (1)
PDF size: 93.05 Kb.
ABSTRACTIntroduction: leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, which is manifested by the development of specific and neurotrophic granulomatous lesions in skin, mucous membranes, nerves, eyes and viscera.
Objective: highlight casuistically is the most relevant knowledge of nasal leprosy for helping early diagnosis of this disease by doctors at Primary Health Care.
Methods: adescriptive cross-sectional and retrospective study was conducted by the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Carlos Manuel Portuondo Polyclinic, from January 2010 to January 2012. The universe was comprised of 106 patients from Marianao area diagnosed with leprosy by the dermatology service at Carlos Finlay Hospital. The sample was composed of 90 cases with sinonasal pathology.
Results: 90 cases showed sinus pathology. Nasal lesions were very common finding in leprosy patients.
Conclusions: The most commonly referred symptom as antecedent was nasal obstruction, followed by epistaxis or nasal bleeding. Lepromatous was only clinical way in which we found total destruction of the nasal septum.