2015, Number 3
PDF size: 96.74 Kb.
ABSTRACTIntroduction: the aging population in Cuba calls for an urgent challenge in Health System and other segments of society.
Objective: to find out the perceptions of older people on their health care needs.
Methods: qualitative research study conducted in 2012 on 12 focal groups involving 111 people of both sexes aged 60 years and over, who lived in 6 municipalities of Havana province.
Results: the needs expressed the difficulties that the adult people faced; they showed their need of being accepted by their families. Distant health services hindered their access to health care as well as lack of medical experts. Medical care provided to them was positively assessed but there was some degree of disappointment with the home visit program. They demanded some priority at the time of receiving a service and that their opinions are taken into account in the drawing up of health strategies and programs.
Conclusions: the perceptions collected in this study showed that there are still gaps to be filled in meeting the older adults' needs and in health care services for them. It is essential that the decision-making authorities in the health care sector bear in mind the needs of this population segment at the time of drawing up new health policies and strategies. The older adults need the support and acceptance of their families, which would lead to better health status. Much work remains to be done to improve the quality of life of this group, so the situation will be more complex in the forthcoming years.
Jackson R, Strauss R, Howe N, Aparicio G, Nakashima K. El Desafío del envejecimiento en América Latina. Washington, D. C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies; 2009 [citado 12 Feb 2013]. Disponible en: http://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Agein g%20Report%20Executive%20Summary%20SPANISH%20Final.pdf
Collazo M, Calero JL, Rodríguez A. Necesidades, realidades y posibilidades del sistema de salud cubano para su enfrentamiento al envejecimiento poblacional. Rev Cubana Salud Pública. 2010 [citado 11 Abr 2011];36(2). Disponible en: http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0864- 34662010000200009&lng=es