2015, Number 1
Rev Esp Cienc Salud 2015; 18 (1)
Ponce LML, Garrido ML, de la Torre C, Mendoza AJE
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ABSTRACTHave reported the presence of metabolic complications such as insulin resistance and alterations in leptin levels related to obesity accordingly appearance since the childhood and adolescence of a number of chronic diseases and risk factors characteristic of adult. Objective: Analyze the association between obesity and metabolic complications in school children. Material and methods. An observational, crosssectional and analytical study was carried out. The population was 223 children of 10-12 years of a primary school in eastern Mexico City, anthropometric assessment was performed in three categories according to their body mass index (BMI); right below the percentile 85, overweight between percentiles 85-95 and obese value above the 95th percentile, compared with the reference of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), World Health Organization WHO. Central obesity, waist circumference ≥ 90 percentile and the insulin resistance index was determined by HOMA (Homeostasis Model Basement) and leptin levels by RIA techniques. Rating dietary habits and physical activity Results: The results report a positive association between elevated body mass index with insulin resistance and high levels of leptin in children. Children consume energy-dense diets. 57% did not practice any sports being the most sedentary girls. Conclusion: Obese children are at very early ages, signs of metabolic syndrome which may make greater morbidity of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in later stages.