2016, Number 01
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ABSTRACTA descriptive and cross-sectional study (intentional probabilistic sampling) of 114 selected patients, previous informed consent, as populational risk group non classified due to renal chronic disease, belonging to a doctor´s office from "Chiqui Gómez Lubián" Teaching Community Polyclinic in Santa Clara, Villa Clara was carried out from January to December, 2013 in whom an inquiry, physical exam and laboratory tests (microalbuminuria, Addis count and creatinine in blood, that allowed to estimate the glomerular filtrate) were carried out, with the objective of identifying the disorder and its characteristics. The illness was diagnosed in a fourth of the total, fundamentally in stage II, and a high association frequency of positive microalbuminuria and Addis pathological count was observed; likewise, the ages of 65 years and more prevailed, which were associated with the most advanced stages. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were the most frequent risk factors, while the clinical symptoms (nocturia and foamy urines) and the sign of hypertension was present with more frequency in stage III (late). It could be concluded that for initial stages it was very important the indication of microalbuminuria and Addis count for the initial stages and in the advanced stages classics clinical symptoms of nephropathy were observed.
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