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>Journals >Revista Cubana de Farmacia >Year 2015, Issue 1


Doleski MPS, Ferreira CCH, Calil BJ, Palermo MM
Chemical composition of the Schinus molle L. essential oil and their biological activities
Rev Cubana Farm 2015; 49 (1)

Language: Inglés
References: 34
Page: 132-143
PDF: 238.91 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Introduction: essential oils and aromatic plant extracts have been recognized for many years as a great source of pharmaceutical agents. It is important to research on the chemical composition of the essential oils of plants widely used by the population because its usability becomes safer.
Objective: to identify the chemical characterization of Schinus molle L. essential oils and their biological activities and to compare them with the biological activities of the main compounds found in literature.
Methods: fifty grams of leaves were used to extract the oils through distillation in a modified Clevenger apparatus. The chemical analysis of volatile oils was carried out with capillary gas chromatography using flame ionization detector for quantitative analysis of its elements and, subsequently, a mass detector for qualitative analysis.
Results: nineteen substances were separated and the major compounds were bicyclogermacrene (20.5%), betacaryophyllene (19.7%) and spathulenol (19.2%).
Conclusions: given the extensive distribution of the raw material in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil, more studies on the chemical properties and biological activities of Schinus molle essential oil are needed.


Key words: essential oil, biological activities, Schinus molle.


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>Journals >Revista Cubana de Farmacia >Year 2015, Issue 1
 

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