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>Journals >CorSalud (Revista de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares) >Year 2016, Issue 1


Santos MR, Moré DA, Rodríguez GL, Nápoles CM
Behavior of acute myocardial infarction in older adults assisted at "Policlínico XX Aniversario”
CorSalud 2016; 8 (1)

Language: Español
References: 20
Page: 52-57
PDF: 258.27 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Introduction: At present, ischemic heart disease is one of the most serious health problems worldwide and also statistically considered the leading cause of death in the developed world.
Objective: To characterize the behavior of acute myocardial infarction in older adults.
Method: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out on 62 elderly belonging to the health area of the Policlínico "XX Aniversario" from Santa Clara, Cuba, who were discharged from hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Main variables were risk factors, myocardial infarction location, and complications.
Results: There was a male predominance of (62.9%), age group between 60 and 69 years (59.7%). There was greater account of patients from the «Condado Sur» Family Doctor's Office (41.9%). Cardiovascular risk factor most frequently found was hypertension (53.2%), with significant difference (p ‹ 0.05), followed by alcoholism (35.5%) and obesity (29.0%). Inferior infarction was the most common, found in 24 patients (38.7%); followed by antero-septal (22.6%) and anterolateral (21.0%). Pump failure was diagnosed in 24 patients (38.7%), which represents a statistically significant difference (p=0.01), followed in frequency by electrical complications.
Conclusions: Males and age group between 60-69 years predominate. High blood pressure, as risk factor, inferior location of infarction, and pump failure as complication, were the most frequently found.


Key words: acute myocardial infarction, elderly, risk factor.


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>Journals >CorSalud (Revista de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares) >Year 2016, Issue 1
 

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