2015, Number 4
Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr 2015; 31 (4)
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ABSTRACTThoracic actinomycosis is a slowly progressing bacterial infection caused by grampositive anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria that colonize oropharynx and gastrointestinal tract. Its low frequency at present and its different anatomical locations are a diagnostic challenge for various medical specialties. The case of a 44-year-old man with health history is presented here. This patient was admitted at Zacapa Regional Hospital in Guatemala due to a fistula in left chest and pneumonia in ipsilateral vertex for six months, initially it was interpreted as pulmonary tuberculosis. After further examination and studies such as chest x-rays, smear, HIV and culture of discharge of the injury, this patient underwent a biopsy of the lesion, showing sulfur granules and abundant granulation tissue and Actinomyces israelii compatible cellularity.