2016, Number 2
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The residential weeks for children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus emerge in Cuba in 1993 as an alternative for education on diabetes; since then, they are held in most provinces.
Objective: To standardize the organization and holding of the residential weeks for children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Development: During a week, the patients and their relatives (separately) are trained in the comprehensive management of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Residential weeks combine the educational activities with the clinical evaluation of the patient, so they include daily glycemic monitoring, adjustment of treatment, the performance of supplementary tests as well as their evaluation by different specialties. Standardization offers the details of the process, the recommended schedules and places for each activity, the educational techniques by age groups and the evaluation techniques of the activity.
Conclusions: The residential week represents an educational, therapeutic and recreational procedure that allows knowing not only the health status of the patient but also the existing family situation of the child and the adolescent living with diabetes. The holistic action of the residential week is indispensable to improve the diabetes treatment as well as to optimize the quality of life of patients suffering it.
Asociación Latinoamericana de Diabetes. Definición y diagnóstico de la diabetes mellitus y otros problemas metabólicos asociados a regulación alterada de la glucosa. En: Asociación Latinoamericana de Diabetes. Guías ALAD de diagnóstico, control y tratamiento de la Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2. Washington, D.C.: OPS; 2008. p. 14-7.
García R, Suárez R. Eficacia de un seguimiento a largo plazo con educación interactiva en diabéticos tipo 1. Rev Cubana Endocrinol [serie en Internet]. 2006 Dic [citado 12 de marzo de 2014];17(3). Disponible en: http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1561- 29532006000300002&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es