2016, Number 1
Ortho-tips 2016; 12 (1)
Sánchez HEV, de Loera RCO, Cobar BAE, Martín OX
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ABSTRACTA literature review was made of articles in PubMed and books related to the topics, synthesizing the information for its correlation in clinical practice and diagnostics of injuries in athletes. We found that there are types of feet with a predisposition to specific injuries when submitted to repetitive mechanical forces as in running, jumping, football and soccer, amongst other sports. We also found that footwear plays a major role, since its design and rigidity can be related to injuries like turf toe or bursitis in the hallux and Achilles by abnormal compression or tendinosis of the foot extensors in cyclists. We conclude that understanding the synergy between the foot and ankle and the anatomical variants specific to each patient is key to the diagnostic process in athletes. The «perfect» foot for sports should have a discrete valgus of approximately 5° in prone position, with a slightly cavus but elastic dome and a regular metatarsal support. However, any foot can be suitable for any sport due to its capability to adapt. We present the most relevant data we found for the understanding of these complex mechanisms.