2015, Number 2
Rev Acta Médica 2015; 16 (2)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver and its association with resistance to insulin and carotidal vascular damage
Calderín BRO, Pérez BLÁ, Domínguez ÁC, Velbes MPE, Yanes QM, Yanes QMÁ
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ABSTRACTObjective: to determine whether there is any association between the presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver and the resistance to insulin and carotidal vascular damage.
Method: a descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out with 75 patients at ages between 18 and 75 years who had consecutively been performed liver biopsy at Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital.
Results: nonalcoholic fatty liver with resistance to insulin was present in 25 patients (78.12%), and without resistance to insulin in 7 patients (21.88%), while the group without nonalcoholic fatty liver presented 18 patients (41.86%) with resistance to insulin and 25 patients (58.14%) without resistance to insulin (p=0.001, P=0.000). Carotidal vascular damage was observed in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver and resistance to insulin in 21 patients (84%), while in the group of patients without nonalcoholic fatty liver and with resistance to insulin carotidal vascular damage was present in 4 patients (16%).
Conclusions: nonalcoholic fatty liver is associated with resistance to insulin and carotidal vascular damage.