>Year 2016, Issue 2
González Hermosillo-Cornejo D, Arreola-Ramírez DA, Díaz Girón-Gidi A, Álvarez-Hernández DA, López-Caballero C
The history of metabolic surgery Bariatric and metabolic surgery, a historical perspective since its beginnings
Residente 2016; 11 (2)
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Obesity is a chronic disease of multifactorial etiology characterized by abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that is harmful to health and whose comorbidities and complications significantly increase the morbimortality of those who have it. Since ancient times it was recognized as a pathology and recently it has expanded its dimensions, being considered as a global epidemic that significantly impacts the health systems. Although that changes in lifestyle, diet and exercise are the primary measures being done to achieve a ponderal weight reduction; many patients are potential candidates for surgical treatment in order to achieve a substantial and sustained decrease in their body mass index (BMI). The need for surgical management has been recognized through the history with the incursion of diverse surgeons who implemented innovative techniques that were associated with multiple complications, which have been refined to be able to consider bariatric surgery as the most effective therapy for the management of morbid obesity at long term. Actually, it’s done with increasing frequency, and minimally invasive techniques are becoming the «gold standard» for the treatment of the disease.
||Bariatric surgery, metabolic surgery, history.
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>Year 2016, Issue 2