2016, Number 3
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ABSTRACTBackground: cervix cancer constitutes the second cause of death worldwide, with new diagnosis each year.
Objective: to determine the risk factors of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in the municipality of Cruces.
Methods: it was developed an analytical research with case and control design from November 2013 to November 2014. The group of cases was formed of the 34 women with this diagnosis. There were selected 64 females from the same environment with the same age for the control group. The data obtained by surveys and clinical records reviews were presented in absolute numbers and percentages. It was used Chi-squared test and odd ratio.
Results: 52 % of women with neoplasia were less than 25 years old. Significant differences were found which associate neoplasia with early sexual intercourse, sexually transmitted infections by Papilloma virus, Plane genital condyloma, and the use of oral contraceptive pills. Multiple sex partner was a frequent antecedent.
Conclusion: risk factors associated to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in the group of women studied in the Cruces municipality were early sexual intercourse, mainly before 15 years old, multiple sex partner, sexually communicated diseases and the use of oral contraceptive pills for more than 5 years.
Espín JC, Cardona A, Acosta Y, Valdés M, Olano M. Acerca del cáncer cérvico uterino como un importante problema de salud pública. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [revista en Internet]. 2012 [citado 18 Ene 2016];28(4):[aprox. 12p]. Disponible en: http://www.imbiomed.com.mx/1/1/articulos.php? method=showDetail&id_articulo=90151&id_secci on=800&id_ejemplar=8855&id_revista=69