2016, Number 1
Revista Cubana de Salud y Trabajo 2016; 17 (1)
Modification of knowledge on arterial hypertension in workers of the productive sector studied in the National Institute for Workers' Health of Havana
Trujillo BWG, Arredondo NOF, López CRJ, Castellanos OJA, Labañino VJ, González MA
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ABSTRACTIn Cuba about 30 % of the adult population is hypertensive and less than 40 % is controlled (blood pressure less than 140/90 mmHg). In 2014, 30 % of workers admitted to the National Institute for Workers' Health (INSAT) were hypertensive, of which 1 % undiagnosed, 12 % had uncontrolled pressure. The arterial hypertension (AHT) has become one of the most common health problems in the Cuban workers and no compensation (no control) is the main health problem in the group of workers in the productive sector of the study. A quasi-experimental epidemiological study of educational intervention type (before and after) no control group was designed. Using a non-probability sampling, we worked with the total of the uncontrolled hypertensive workers (40), from the productive sector in Havana, admitted to the INSAT in the first half of 2014, with the aim to positively change the level of knowledge they have of their disease. Hypertensive workers in the studied productive sector are mostly predominantly adults with physical work load, followed by productive seniors where women predominate with a mixed workload. The intervention applied beneficially modified cognitive-educational dimension in this group to promote flattering styles to worker health life, highlighting further growth of knowledge in knowing how to define, manage and treat hypertension, growing lower on measures of how to prevent it.