2017, Number 1
Neurologic and epidemiologic characterization of frontal head trauma during a period of five years in Villa Clara
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: head injuries constitute a leading cause of death and disability in patients younger than 45 years.
Objective: to characterize neurologic and epidemiologic variables in frontal head trauma.
Methods: an epidemiological and descriptive transversal study was carried out from January, 2011 to December 2015; it included all adult patients seen at «Arnaldo Milián Castro» Hospital in Santa Clara, Villa Clara who were classified as frontal head trauma, mild or moderate with frontal lobe lesion.
Results: a number of 150 patients were evaluated, male sex predominated and age ranged 27-59 years with an average age 42.2 years. Car accidents were among the most frequent causes, followed by falls and aggressions. Approximately one third of patients had consumed alcoholic beverages. A higher incidence of mild traumas was found, although moderate ones had higher figures to those informed by other authors; right hemisphere was the most affected region, limited to frontal lobe in most patients, and an extension to an adjacent lobe was identified in almost a quarter, as well as, in only few cases the lesion was extended to more than one lobe.
Conclusions: the analyses made on the analyzed variables confirm the importance of age, as well as, show their association with consciousness alteration in frontal head traumas.
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