2016, Number 3
Rev Hosp Jua Mex 2016; 83 (3)
Vargas-Hernández VM, Vargas-Aguilar VM, Aboharp-Hasan Z, Sosa-Durán EE
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ABSTRACTOvarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women and the most common gynecological cancer; the lifetime risk for developing it is 1.3%, with a mean age at diagnosis of 63 years. There are many types by their macroscopic, histopathological, immunohistochemical and genomic aspect; epithelial type represent 75% and are responsible for 90% of deaths. The etiology is unknown, some arise from genetic mutations with familial tendency; the prognosis depends mainly on the histopathologic type; clinical stage and early diagnosis; detection has not been successful and is associated with false-positive results leading to unnecessary surgery surgical complications; mortality have not changed much and the treatment is surgical. Prevention of ovarian cancer with oral contraceptives, reduces the relative risk 22-56%; bilateral tubal occlusion 30%; bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (80%) in high-risk individuals; bilateral salpingectomy as an alternative to other sterilization techniques when any pelvic surgery for benign causes reduces the incidence and mortality in the general population and should be routinely.