2017, Number 1
PDF size: 155.72 Kb.
ABSTRACTAging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba’s Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden. The first assessment also included blood tests: complete blood count, blood glucose, kidney and liver function, lipid profile and ApoE4 genotype (a susceptibility marker). In 2007–2011, the second assessment was done of 2010 study subjects aged ≥65 years who were still alive. The study provides data on prevalence and incidence of dementia and its risk factors, and of related conditions that affect the health of older adults. It also contributes valuable experiences from field work and interactions with older adults and their families. Building on lessons learned, a third assessment to be done in 2016–2018 will incorporate a community intervention strategy to respond to diseases and conditions that predispose to dementia, frailty and dependency in older adults.
Alzheimer’s Disease International. World Alzheimer Report 2016—Improving healthcare for people living with dementia: Coverage, quality and costs now and in the future [Internet]. London: Alzheimer’s Disease International; 2016 [cited 2016 Sep 20]. 140 p. Available from: http:// www.alz.co.uk/research/world-report-2016
Prince M, Wimo A, Guerchet M, Ali GC, Wu YT, Prina M. World Alzheimer Report 2015. The Global Impact of Dementia. An analysis of prevalence, incidence, cost and trends [Internet]. London: Alzheimer’s Disease International; 2015 Aug [cited 2016 Sep 20]. 92 p. Available from: http://www.alz.co.uk/research/world-report-2015
National Council of Scientifi c Societies (CU). Libro Premio Anual de la Salud, 2011. 36th ed [Internet]. Havana: Editorial Ciencias Médicas; 2012 [cited 2016 Sep 15]. Chapter, Categoría Investigación Aplicada. Prevalencia, incidencia y factores de riesgo de síndrome demencial en adultos mayores de La Habana y Matanzas. p. 54–65. ISBN: 978-959-212-778-4. Available from: http://www.bvs.sld.cu/libros/premio_anual 2011/emplane%20premio%202011_completo .pdf. Spanish.