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>Journals >Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social >Year 2016, Issue S2


Zamora-Vega O, Gómez-Díaz RA, Delgado-Solís M, Vázquez-Estupiñán F, Vargas-Aguayo AM, Wacher-Rodarte NH
Association between depression and hearing loss in patients with type 2 diabetes
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2016; 54 (S2)

Language: Español
References: 26
Page: 140-147
PDF: 291.72 Kb.


Full text




ABSTRACT

Background: The association between diabetes, hearing loss and depression is unknown, and needs to be understood clearly and precisely. Our objective was to estimate the association between depression and hearing loss in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study. Patients of 40 years or older with type 2 diabetes were studied. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical parameters were recorded. The Beck Depression Inventory and a pure tone audiometry were applied. Groups were compared with chi squared test and logistic regression for confounders.
Results: 150 patients were included (76 % women). Average age was 56 ± 9.3 years, with 12.4 ± 6.5 years of progression of diabetes, weight 67.4 ± 11.6 kg; 31 % were obese; 25.5 % hypertensive (126.3 ± 19.3 / 79.4 ± 19.7 mm Hg) and 80.7 % had poor metabolic control (HbA1c ≥ 7 %). Of all the patients, 45.3 % presented hearing loss and 32.4 % depression. Diagnosis of depression in patients with hearing loss remained significant after adjusting for confounders (odds ratio [OR] = 2.3; 95 % confidence interval [CI] = 1.051-5.333, p = 0.037). Women had greater risk of depression, difference that remained significant (OR = 3.2; 95 % CI = 1.268-8.584, p = 0.014) after adjustment.
Conclusions: Almost half of the patients with diabetes presented hearing loss and more than three times the risk of depression. Subjects with depression and diabetes presented more hearing loss (› 20 dB) than those without diabetes and/or without depression.


Key words: Diabetes mellitus tipo 2, Hipoacusia, Depresión.


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>Journals >Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social >Year 2016, Issue S2
 

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