2017, Number 1
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ABSTRACTBackground: cartilage lesions are common nowadays. Their main symptoms and signs are pain and limited joint range of motion. There are many ways to treat them. Mosaicplasty is very used because of its several advantages.
Objective: to update knowledge of autogenous osteochondral transplantation in mosaicplasty modality.
Methods: a search in the databases PubMed, Hinari, SciELO and Medline was conducted through the information locator EndNote in October 2016. From the information obtained, a bibliographic review was carried out with 654 articles. Among them, 52 citations were used and 47 of them from the last five years, including four books.
Development: fundamental elements for clinical and imaging diagnosis were described. With regard to the latter, it is emphasized on magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy. The international cartilage repair society classification system was pointed out. General surgical indications for cartilage lesions were described as well as specific ones for mosaicplasty and its main advantages and disadvantages. Complications were highlighted as well as the results of a group of researchers.
Conclusions: mosaicplasty is a modality of autogenous osteochondral transplantation with good results because of its many advantages and disadvantages and specific indications to do it.
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