2017, Number 1
Rev Neurol Neurocir Psiquiat 2017; 45 (1)
Cuevas CP, Talallero P, Villarreal AM, Ayala M
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ABSTRACTThe term "evidence-based medicine" is currently used internationally in clinical practice and teaching. The evidence-based psychotherapy, is a procedure that refines and improves clinical practice by making systematic research strategies of information.
In this paper a bibliometric revision of different therapeutic approaches aimed at treating various diseases was performed. Articles in English were reviewed including abstracts. Variables considered were type of psychotherapy, condition to which it was addressed, type of sample and results.
Most of the articles reviewed were about comparative analysis of two different types of psychotherapy, and drug therapy. In some cases only positive results were evident regarding psychoanalytic psychotherapy because of the small number of papers. These kind of reviews are partial so the applicability of concepts and treatments should be carefully evaluated since these are derived from clinical practice related to empirical research which differs from common clinical practice. Finally, we think that clinical experience derived from the systematic practice of the art is always an important factor in decisions about treatment, to the extent that it has become evident the validity and reliability of "experience based psychotherapy".