2017, Number 2
Dermatol Rev Mex 2017; 61 (2)
Marx-Sánchez PM, Fernández-Cuevas L, Alcalá-Pérez D, Tercero-Quintanilla G, Esquivel-Pedraza L
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ABSTRACTBackground: Epidemiological studies of the oral lesions are scarce and less frequent are those made in the dermatological field. The lack of a standardized design methodology has resulted in a large discrepancy in the study of the prevalence of oral lesions. In the Centro Dermatológico Dr. Ladislao de la Pascua, Mexico, the diversity of our patients’ oral lesions is unknown.
Objetive: To describe the prevalence of oral disorders diagnoses at Oral pathology service of Centro Dermatológico Dr. Ladislao de la Pascua.
Material and Method: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study was made with all clinical records of patients who presented to Oral pathology clinic of the Centro Dermatológico Dr. Ladislao de la Pascua from 2010 to 2014. This was a non-probability sampling of consecutive cases. Study variables were described by frequencies and proportions. We used the Spearman r° to describe the relationship between oral and dermatological diagnosis. All tests were performed with a confidence level of 95% and p≤0.05. This was performed with the SPSS version 21.
Results: 1,670 records were reviewed of which only 532 medical records met the selection criteria. The 41% of oral disorders standed up for infectious disorders (mainly Candida in 29%), 24% for benign tumors, 10% for bullous diseases, 7% for pigmentary disorders, 6% for ulcerative processes and 6% for inflammatory changes.
Conclusions: A high prevalence of infectious entities was observed in this research. Differences in frequency and type of lesions were obtained in comparison to other studies, which could be related to the type of studied patients. Randomized prospective studies are needed in the Mexican general population.