2014, Number 1
PDF size: 177.01 Kb.
ABSTRACTThis study investigated how smoking may be related to the indicators of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and personality factors. One hundred and eighty eight university students aged 18 to 48 years (M = 22.8, SD = 5.66), including 122 women responded to the Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS), the Battery Personality Factor, and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. The scores of groups of non-smokers, occasional smokers and abusers were compared via ANOVA, and a regression analysis was performed to predict smoking. Smokers scored higher on the scales of openness and extraversion, and reported greater use of alcohol, marijuana, inhalants, ecstasy and hypnotics. Occasional smokers obtained higher scores on the scale of openness and had a higher consumption of alcohol and marijuana, and also obtained high scores on the ASRS scale for hyperactivity/impulsivity. Participants who reported not smoking scored low on openness and extroversion. The regression analysis (R2 (adjusted) = 0.629) showed an association between smoking and use of other substances, especially alcohol, sedatives, and marijuana. In sum, smokers had higher scores on openness and extraversion, and were also more likely to use other drugs, suggesting an association between personality characteristics and increased vulnerability to use of other substances.
Carlini, E. A., Galduróz, J. C., Noto, A.R., Carlini, C. M., Oliveira, L. G., Nappo, S. A., Moura,Y. G., & Sánchez, Z. V. (2006). II Levantamento domiciliar sobre uso de drogas psicotrópicas no Brasil: 2005. São Paulo, Brasil: Centro Brasileiro de informação sobre drogas psicotrópicas, Universidade Federal de São Paulo e Secretaria Nacional Antidrogas.