2017, Number 1
Med Int Mex 2017; 33 (1)
Galván-Martínez IL, Fernández-Martínez R, Narro-Llorente R, Moreno-Coutiño G, Arenas R
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ABSTRACTBackground: Dermatophytosis are superficial mycosis caused by dermatophytes, a group of fungi that parasite keratin, and is composed of three genera: Trichophyton, Microsporum and Epidermophyton. They predominate on hot and humid climates, and are responsible of 70-80% of all mycosis.
Objetive:: To identify the frequency of consultation for tinea corporis.
Material and Method: A descriptive, open and cross-sectional study in which, during three months in 2015, all patients with clinical diagnosis of tinea corporis that attended to the dermatology department in a second level hospital at Playa del Carmen, QR, Mexico, were registered including demographic data, such as progression time, topography and associated predisposing factors; a KOH mount was performed, as well as mycological culture in Sabouraud dextrose agar and microscopic examination of the colony with lactophenol blue to identify the causal agent.
Results: Out of 546 visits to the dermatology service, the diagnosis was confirmed in 17 patients (2.5%) and diagnosis was confirmed with a positive KOH mount in 14 patients (82%, nine women [64%]), and in 9 samples there was culture growth (64%). Microsporum canis and Trichophyton rubrum were isolated in 4 cases (44%) each, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes in one case (11%). Age range was 3-57 years, with four children registered (28.5%). The progression time of the disease was 15 weeks in average. The most frequent topography was the extremities. The most common predisposing factors were contact with infected pets and the administration of corticosteroids.
Conclusion: Tinea corporis represents 3% of the dermatology consultation in a second level hospital in urban tropical zone. It is more frequent in female patients, affecting more frequently extremities; 28.5% were children. The isolated causal agents were M. canis and T. rubrum.