2017, Number 1
Med Int Mex 2017; 33 (1)
González-Galván LM, Arredondo-Ruiz P, Chac-Lezama G, Molina-Villena AA, Sáenz-Castro M, Pérez-García JA, Alonso-Martínez D, Ramírez-Valadez C, Peña-Pérez CA
PDF size: 133. Kb.
ABSTRACTChikungunya virus is presented as a triad of symptoms: fever, rash and joint pain in humans. Chikungunya name was derived from debilitating joint pain in African populations during an outbreak in 1952-1953, in what is now known as Tanzania. The local word chikungunya means that which bends up as a result of the stooped posture secondary to pain caused by the disease. Infection due to chikungunya virus is usually a self-limiting disease. It may manifest as encephalopathy, encephalitis, myocarditis, hepatitis and multiple organ failure, but few cases have been reported with the central nervous system disease with a mortality of 10% in this group of patients. The neurological complications reported include encephalitis, myopathy, neuropathy and polyneuropathy.