2016, Number S1
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: the impact of the fecal incontinence about the quality of life in climacterics women is important because it seems a narrow association between the menopause and this entity.
Objective: to describe characteristic of the fecal incontinence in women of medium age. Identify frequency of risk factors, association with other dysfunctions and possible causes of the incontinence.
Method: exploratory-descriptive, observational, longitudinal investigation included 22 women of medium age, risk factors were studied, muscular tone, characteristic of the fecal incontinence, graveness (Jorge-Wexner scale). Were considered frequencies for qualitative variables, medium and IC for quantitative being compared by means of Levene, test T, and Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon the two lines for significance of 0,05. Consent was requested, guaranteeing confidentiality for results.
Results: women prevailed bigger than 50 years (54 %). All had weakness of the pelvic floor (note 2 in 72,7 %) without differences for age (p=0,123) and moderate quality without significance for ages (p=0,883). Daily frequency prevailed, (77,3 %), passive (40,9 %), solid (54,5 %), and alone "messin" in older. Diabetes and instrumental parturiencies were risk factors.
Conclusions: the muscular note was low in all the patients. The moderate fecal incontinence prevailed, the women without risks and inside those of risk, the diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension in smaller degree and obesity, being more represented in those older than 50 years. The incontinence causes cannot generally know more frequently associated to surgical interventions.
Piñera Crehuet S, González Pérez U, Bayarre Vea H. Construcción de un cuestionario de autovaloración de la calidad de vida en pacientes con hipertensión arterial. Trabajo de terminación de Maestría en Psicología de la Salud. Facultad de Salud Pública. Instituto Superior de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana, 1995.