2017, Number 2
Rev Cubana Pediatr 2017; 89 (2)
Basain VJM, Valdés AMC, Pérez MM, Marrero RRM, Martínez IA, Mesa MI
PDF size: 418.79 Kb.
ABSTRACTIntroduction: Steady level of stored energy is kept thanks to regulating factors of appetite and satiety which also influence on the state of energy balance.
Objective: To describe the influence of regulating factors of appetite and satiety at short-term on the energy balance.
Methods: A literature search was made in Medline/PubMed, Bireme, DOYMA editions and Elsevier to find English and Spanish articles in the period of January 1973 to June 2016. The search terms were food intake, "energy balance", "regulation", "nutritional homeostasis".
Development: Food intake is human behavior resulting from the complex interaction of multiple factors, being the most important the physiological ones and at the humoral level, the role of ghrelina in the onset of intake is well-established. At the same time, various organs set in motion to fix the moment when one should stop eating, a mechanism in which several hormones are involved such as cholecystokinin, a peptide similar to type 1 glycagon, oxyntomodulin, peptide YY, bombesin, enterostatin, amyline and pancreatic polypeptide.
Final thoughts: There are several mechanisms involved in the regulation of the short-term control of appetite and satiety which are closely related, have an effect on and determine the state of the energy balance.