2017, Number 2
Rev Mex Neuroci 2017; 18 (2)
Castellanos-Ruiz J, Pinzón-Bernal M, Morera-Salazar DA, Eljadue-Mejía JP
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: This article refers to the use of mirror therapy, which was introduced 15 years ago to treat many disorders considered untreatable, such as phantom limb pain and chronic regional pain syndrome. This article also refers to its current use in treating neurological disorders, such as hemiparesis caused by cerebrovascular disease, which left untreated, may result in irreversible alterations generating functional changes in the patient. Therefore the use of mirror therapy has led to a paradigm shift in the treatment of these neurological conditions.
Objective: To identify mirror therapy as a possible neurorehabilitation intervention for treatment of hemiplegic spastic hand in adults.
Methods: This study was based on the analysis of the literature review of the randomized standard clinical trial, from July to December 2015, found in PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro, OT seeker databases. Articles that met the inclusion criteria followed by a period of review and analysis were selected.
Results: This study showed that the use of mirror therapy improves the functional recovery of adults with hemiplegic spastic hand caused by cerebrovascular disease.
Conclusions: It was found that the most important benefit of the application of mirror therapy is to promote the recruitment of mirror neurons in cortical reorganization and functional recovery.