2017, Number 1
Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd 2017; 36 (1)
Chávez CE, Fernández LA, Rodríguez TÁF, Gómez DMG, Sánchez CB
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Hypertension is excessively high blood pressure against arterial walls which may be regulated with systematic physical activity. Objectives: Design and implement a physical recreation program adapted to the context of the Ecuadorian highlands aimed at balancing blood pressure in elderly women. Methods: A study was conducted with 40 elderly women aged 60-72 years with discreet mild hypertension selected by intentional sampling. Several variables were evaluated (eating habits, drug treatment, smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, knowledge about the relationship between physical activity and hypertension, involvement in physical activity, interest in engaging in physical activity, hypertension range at rest) before and after implementation of the physical recreation proposal during six months. The proposal was designed on the basis of a likes and preferences survey previously conducted. Comparison of results was based on Proportion calculation for related samples (r? 0.05) and Wilcoxon signed-rank test (p? 0.05). Results: The nine variables evaluated exhibited better percent values in the final evaluation. In most cases there were significant differences between the initial and the final assessment. Overall initial blood pressure mean values were 149 mmHg systolic and 95 mmHg diastolic (mild discreet), whereas overall final mean values were 134 mmHg systolic and 87 mmHg diastolic, for a general classification of Normal High (NH). Conclusions: The strategy implemented improved blood pressure values in the study sample. This was significantly evident on comparing the initial and final diagnostics (p= 0.000) using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. It is thus inferred that physical recreation activities adapted to the Ecuadorian context contribute to blood pressure balance in hypertensive elderly women.