2017, Number 3
Medicentro 2017; 21 (3)
Pérez MY, Delgado RY, Aríz MOC, Gómez FM
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ABSTRACTA four-year descriptive study of the complications and survival of newborns with hyaline membrane disease seen in the neonatal intensive care unit of “Mariana Grajales” Gynecology and Obstetrics Hospital was carried out; 49 newborns developing the disease were studied; 63.2 % weighed less than 1500 grams at birth and had less than 30 weeks' gestation; this last variable, male gender, premature rupture of membranes and preeclampsia were the factors which had greater influence. The 89.8 % of patients were treated with surfactant and invasive respiratory support. The majority of patients survived although there were complications such as patent ductus arteriosus, sepsis and intraventricular hemorrhage. Mortality remained high in the group of children who were treated belatedly with surfactant. Its early use is recommended to decrease complications and improve diagnosis.