2016, Number 4
Rev Cuba Enf 2016; 32 (4)
Development of the pedagogic strategy 'Proyectos Formativos' [Capacity Building Projects] to foster the integrality of discipline knowledge
Laguado JE, Villamizar OML
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The development of competence in the nursing student requires participation strategies with an integrative approach from the different disciplines. Objective: Describe the development of the pedagogic strategy "Proyectos Formativos" [Capacity Building Projects] to foster the integrality in the nursing discipline knowledge. Methods: Descriptive, retrospective study carried out by the review of documents containing the reports for the projects carried out from 2008 to 2013. Results: 368 projects correspond with the presented frequency; as predominating caregiving subjects: adult 108 (29,34%), pregnant women 35 (9.51%) and breastfeeding woman 16 (4.34%). Diagnoses for the family and community practice: insufficient knowledge with a 39%; elderly adult practice of acute pain, 39%; decay of tissue integrity, 35%; in maternal-perinatal practice there was a predominance of mother-fetus dyad alteration, with a 50%; the most referenced theory was Dorotea Orem (self-care theory), which evinced a 46% for the V level, 45% in the IV level and 22% for the level of capacity, respectively. Conclusions: The comprehensive capacity building project as a pedagogic strategy permits to evince the tendency in the nursing process from the different stages forming it, in which the student experience the living aspect of facing a real situation from the practice start and to the end, which demand that, by means of cooperation work, the students organize, make decisions, lead the process and to apprehend the previous and new knowledge to support the project and to develop communicative capacity by the socializing of the results.